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(75% of quiz marks)
Credit Hours3 CE POST Approved
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Foundations and Discussions of the Second Opinion Psychological Evaluations Process of Law Enforcement Candidates
Bahar Safaei-Far, Psy.D.

There are many inherent challenges to the second-opinion evaluation process. Many psychological evaluators face difficulties with obtaining full access to the same records to which the primary preemployment evaluators had access to and have taken into account. The POST manual states that once notified of the fact that a candidate is seeking a second-opinion, the agency must make available to the second-opinion evaluator the peace officer duties, powers, demands, and working conditions and the job requirements specified in Regulation 1955. However other information, such as specific procedures or findings from the initial evaluation, can also be shared with the second-opinion evaluator at the discretion of the hiring agency and consistent with local personnel policies and/or rules (Spilberg & Corey 2018). As it is recommended by POST and not required, many agencies are reluctant or even unwilling to provide background evaluations and/or initial preemployment evaluations to second-opinion evaluators. This lack of accessibility of all records and data sources further challenges the consistency in psychological second-opinion reports because the primary evaluator may have knowledge of critical data that is otherwise unavailable to the second- opinion evaluator.


1. The hiring agency is not required to notify the disqualified candidate of his right nor pay for the second evaluation
a) True
b) False

2. The agency should provide the applicants with a description of the second-opinion process including which of the following:
a) A list of second-opinion evaluators
b) Rules and laws covering the candidate’s rights
c) A description of the second-opinion process including the length of time allowed for the appeal
d) None of the above

3. First and foremost, suitability of an applicant should be in compliance with:
a) POST Regulation 1955
b) Government code 1031 (f)
c) Both A and B
d) None of the above

Course Description:

This 3 POST approved and CE beginning to intermediate level home study course is designed for psychologists and other mental health professionals interested in understanding the second-opinion psychological evaluation process for peace officer positions. This CE discusses the basic foundations for the second-opinion process of law enforcement candidates, how the second-opinion psychological evaluation process differs from the primary preemployment psychological evaluation, common challenges inherent to the second-opinion evaluations such as inconsistent selection criteria across hiring agencies, the referral process for second-opinion evaluations, and other topics involved in the second-opinion evaluation process such as informed consent. This CE will also discuss ethical and legal guidelines to help psychological evaluators understand the ethical and legal obligations and risks inherent to the second-opinion process.

Learning Objectives:

  • Explain the difference between a primary psychological preemployment evaluation and a second-opinion preemployment evaluation.
  • Discuss the inherent challenges to second-opinion evaluations.
  • Explain the referral process for second-opinion evaluations
  • Discuss the second-opinion evaluation process
Section 1
Section 2
Final Quiz