SAMPLE COURSE MATERIAL
Each year, an estimated average of 1.7 million TBIs occur in the United States. Of those sustaining these injuries, 52,000 die, 275,000 are hospitalized, and 1.365 million—nearly 80 percent—are treated and released from emergency departments. Potentially hundreds of thousands more individuals sustain TBI each year but are not included in the data sets used to form these estimates because they do not seek medical treatment or because they are treated in physicians’ offices, urgent care clinics, or Federal, military, or Veterans Affairs hospitals.
In every age group, TBI rates are higher for males than for females. Among the age groups that have the highest proportions of TBI are adolescents ages 15–19 and adults ages 75 and older. Sports-related TBI’s alone are estimated at between 1.6 million and 3.8 million each year. For service members in Iraq or Afghanistan, the main TBI risk is from an improvised explosive device (IED) such as a roadside bomb. Helmets and body armor provide some protection against penetrating head injury and, to a lesser extent, head-impact events. However, the brain remains vulnerable to the effects of blast waves from IEDs. Gunshot wounds as well as combat- or training-related falls and motor vehicle crashes are other causes of service-related TBI. It is estimated that some 320,000 of the 1.64 million service members deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan through October 2007 may have incurred TBI.
SAMPLE POST TEST
1. TBI is a disruption of normal brain function that occurs when the skull is struck, suddenly thrust out of position, penetrated, or struck by the blast pressure waves.
2. TBI can occur from which of the following:
- Motor Vehicle Accidents
- All of the above
3. A TBI is a global injury and does not affect a single, specific region of the brain.
This 2 CE home study course discusses the topic of treating people with traumatic brain injury (TBI), a frequent condition co-occuring with substance abuse disorder. The material gives an overview of TBI, discusses links between TBI and substance abuse, and includes tips to use for clients with TBI.
- Describe how common TBI’s are in the United States.
- Discuss the links between Substance Use Disorders and TBI’s.
- Explain how TBI’s are diagnosed.
- Describe the Effects of TBI’s.